Despite its reputation, card counting isn't some sort of dark art, nor is it even illegal. Instead, it's a legitimate strategy incorporated by many blackjack players to. B L A C K J A C K A P P R E N T I C E S H I P. B L A C K J A C K A P P R E N T I C E S H I P. teaching himself how to beat blackjack with card counting. In recent years, card counting in Blackjack has become of increasing modeling Blackjack with game theory and then analyzes the costs and.

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Peter Griffin - The Theory of Blackjack - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or No, it wasn't a knowledgeable card counting play, just a begin-. sional Blackjack into a book on advanced card counting. A related book, c

Hence basic strategy was born. Any deviation in the long run will cost you money. Let me give you some examples: 14 vs dealer 9 On balance this hand is a loser.

The strategy is to lose as little as possible. Losing less is just as important as winning more. Hitting is the proper play. Standing loses less and it is the correct decision.

This type of analysis gave birth to basic strategy. Test yourself. Once you have mastered basic strategy go to the next level: Learn Card Counting. Not long ago a Newsweek magazine article described Kirk Kerkorian as "an expert crapshooter.

Professional Blackjack

Nevertheless, while we can afford to be a bit more sympathetic to those who futilely try to impose a system on dice, keno, or roulette, we should not be less impatient in urging them to turn their attention to the dependent trials of blackjack.

This is because blackjack is unique among all casino games in that it is a game in which skill should make a dif- ference, even-swing the odds in the player's favor. Some will also enjoy the game for its solitaire-like aspect; since the dealer has no choices it's like batting a ball against a wall; there is no oppo- nent and the collisions of ego which seem to characterize so many games of skill, like bridge and chess, do not occur. Use of Computers Ultimately, all mathematical problems related to card counting are Bayesian; they involve conditional probabilities subject to information provided by a card counting parameter.

It took me an inordinately long time to realize this when I was pondering how to find the appropriate index for insurance with the Dubner HiLo system. Following several months of wasted bumbling I finally realized that the dealer's conditional probability of blackjack could be calculated for each value of the HiLo index by simple enumerative techniques.

My colleague, Professor John Christopher, wrote a computer program which provided the answer and also introduced me to the calculating power of the device.

To him lowe a great debt for his patient and priceless help in teaching me how to master the machine myself. More than once when the computer rejected or otherwise played havoc with one of my programs he counseled me to look for a logical error rather than to persist in my demand that an elec- trician be called in to check the supply of electrons for purity.

After this first problem, my interest became more general. Why did various count strategies differ occasionally in their recommendations on how to play some hands? What determin- ed a system's effectiveness anyway?

Blackjack Basic Strategy Chart

How good were the ex- isting systems? Could they be measureably improved, and if so, how? Although computers are a sine qua non for carrying out lengthy blackjack calculations, I am not as infatuated by them as many of my colleagues in education. It's quite fashionable these days to orient almost every course toward adaptability to the computer.

To this view I raise the anachronistic objec- tion that one good Jesuit in our schools will accomplish more than a hundred new computer terminals. In education the means is the end; how facts and calculations are produced by our students is more important than how many or how precise they are.

One of the great dreams of a certain segment of the card counting fraternity is to have an optimal strategy computer at their disposal for actual play. Fascinated by Buck Rogers gadgetry, they look forward to wiring themselves up like bombs and stealthily plying their trade under the very noses of the casino personnel, fueled by hidden power sources. For me this removes the element of human challenge.

The only interest I'd have in this machine a very good approxima- tion to which could be built with the information in Chapter Six of this book is in using it as a measuring rod to compare how well I or others could play the game. Indeed one of the virtues I've found in not possessing such a contraption, from which answers come back at the press of a button, is that, by having to struggle for and check approximations, I've developed in- sights which I otherwise might not have achieved.

Cheating No book on blackjack seems complete without either a warning about, or whitewashing of, the possibility of being cheated.

I'll begin my comments with the frank admission that I am completely incapable of detecting the dealing of a second, either by sight or by sound. Nevertheless I know I have been cheated on some occasions and find myself wondering just how often it takes place. The best card counter can hardly expect to have more than a two percent advantage over the house; hence if he's cheated more than one hand out of fifty he'll be a loser.

How It Works

I say I know I've been cheated. I'll recite only the obvious cases which don't require proof. I lost thirteen hands in a row to a dealer before I realized she was deliberately interlacing the cards in a high low stack.

Another time I drew with a total of thirteen against the dealer's three; I thought I'd busted until I realized the dealer had delivered two cards to me: the King that broke me and, underneath it, the eight she was clumsily trying to hold back for herself since it probably would fit so well with her three.

I had a dealer shuffle up twice during a hand, both times with more than twenty unplayed cards, because she could tell that the card she just brought off the deck would have helped me: "Last card" she said with a quick turn of the wrist to destroy the evidence.

In another recent episode a dealer always seemed to take an inordinate amount of time waiting for the players to insure.

Then she either didn't or did have blackjack depending it seems, on whether they did or didn't insure; unfortunately the last time when she turned over her blackjack there was also a four hiding underneath with the ten!

As I mentioned earlier, I had been moderately successful playing until the "pendulum swung. The result of my sample, that the dealers had tens or aces out of hands played, was a statistically significant indication of some sort of legerde- main.

However, you are justified in being reluctant to accept this conclusion since the objectivity of the experimenter can be called into question; I produced evidence to explain my own long losing streak as being the result of foul play, rather than my own incompetence.

An investigator for the Nevada Gaming Commission ad- mitted point blank at the U.

I find little solace in this view that Nevada's country bumpkins are less trustworthy but more dextrous than their big city cousins. I am also left wondering about the responsibility of the Gaming Commission since, if they knew the allegation was true why didn't they close the places, and if they didn't, why would their representative have made such a statement? One of the overlooked motivations for a dealer to cheat is not financial at all, but psychological.

The dealer is compelled by the rules to function like an automaton and may be inclined, either out of resentment toward someone the card counter do- ing something of which he's incapable or out of just plain boredom, to substitute his own determination for that of fate.

Indeed, I often suspect that many dealers who can't cheat like to suggest they're in control of the game by cultivation of what they imagine are the mannerisms of a card-sharp. Finally, the position requiring the most skill is that of the Big Player, who counts cards, plays at the same time, and is advanced enough to always place high bets.

Because of the division of labor, dealers could not easily spot these card counting teams. Getting caught Eventually, members of the blackjack team were betrayed. Out of greed, some team members sold names and faces to the Griffin Agency, which is hired by some casinos to track players who win disproportionately.

The Griffin Agency compiles a face book of card counters and prohibits them from betting. You get out fast as soon as they see you.

Zen Card Counting System in Blackjack

I was very poor at the time and without a job. I started out just playing and learning the rules, then later joined the MIT blackjack team. I pretended to be a bimbo while spotting so that they would not suspect me and then moved on up in my roles.The benchmark betting scheme is not the best way to bet. Their appeal stems ironically from the fact that it takes far less time to deal out all possible hands from an infinite deck of cards than it does from one of 52 or B.

Similarly the methodology incorrectly assesses situations where drawing only one card is dominated by a standing strategy, but drawing more than once is preferable to both. I would start with 0 and end with For one thing, a negative wager equiva- lent to betting on the house when they have the edge is not permitted.

In theory all ques- tions can be so addressed but in practice the required computer time is prohibitive. Beat the Dealer. It is even conceivable, if not probable, that nobody, experts included, knows precisely what the basic strategy is, if we pursue the definition to include instructions on how to play the second and subsequent cards of a split depending on what cards were used on the earlier parts.